Understanding Gum Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It is an inflammatory condition of the gums and surrounding tissues caused by bacterial infection. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss, and it has been linked to other serious health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes.

Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease are crucial for maintaining optimal oral health. When gum disease is caught in its initial stages, it is often easier to manage and treat, reducing the likelihood of long-term damage to your teeth and gums. At The Perio Group, our dental team, led by Dr. I. Stephen Brown, is dedicated to providing comprehensive care and education to help you recognize the signs of gum disease and take appropriate action.

In the following sections, we will discuss the different types of gum disease, their symptoms, and the various treatment options available at our practice. We look forward to helping you achieve and maintain excellent oral health.

Causes and Symptoms of Gum Disease

Understanding the causes and symptoms of gum disease is essential for maintaining good oral health. The primary cause of gum disease is the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. When plaque is not adequately removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which further contributes to gum inflammation and infection.

Some common symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, gum recession, and loose or shifting teeth. In its early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis and is often reversible with proper oral care. However, if left untreated, it can progress to a more severe form known as periodontitis, which can cause irreversible damage to your teeth and supporting structures.

By recognizing the causes and symptoms of gum disease, you can take a proactive approach to protecting your smile and overall health.

Diagnosis of Gum Disease

The diagnostic process for gum disease is designed to identify any signs of infection or inflammation in your gums and surrounding tissues. At The Perio Group, our team utilizes a combination of tests and examinations to ensure a thorough and accurate assessment of your oral health.

During your dental check-up, we will perform a visual examination of your teeth and gums, looking for signs of inflammation, gum recession, or other abnormalities. We will also use a periodontal probe to measure the depth of the pockets between your teeth and gums. Healthy gums typically have shallow pockets, while deeper pockets may indicate gum disease.

In some cases, we may also recommend dental X-rays to evaluate the bone structure supporting your teeth and identify any areas of bone loss. This helps us determine the severity of the gum disease and formulate the most effective treatment plan for your individual needs.

Early detection of gum disease is crucial, as it allows for more conservative and successful treatment options. By identifying and addressing gum disease in its initial stages, we can help you maintain a healthy smile and reduce the risk of more severe oral health complications. We encourage you to schedule regular dental check-ups so we can work together to ensure your optimal oral health.

Treatment of Gum Disease

The treatment of gum disease depends on the severity of the condition and the specific needs of the patient. At The Perio Group, we are committed to providing personalized and effective treatment plans to address your gum disease and help restore your oral health.

Proper oral hygiene plays a vital role in the management and prevention of gum disease. Regular brushing and flossing, along with professional dental cleanings, can help remove plaque and tartar that contribute to gum inflammation and infection. We will work with you to develop an at-home oral care routine tailored to your needs and provide guidance on the most effective techniques and products.

For mild cases of gum disease, non-surgical treatments may be sufficient to manage the condition. These treatments may include scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline and smooths the tooth roots to promote gum reattachment. In some cases, we may also recommend antimicrobial mouth rinses or localized antibiotic therapy to further control the bacterial infection.

If gum disease has progressed to a more advanced stage, surgical treatments may be necessary. These can include gum grafts, bone grafts, or periodontal pocket reduction procedures to repair damaged tissues and restore the health of your gums.

Prevention of Gum Disease

Preventing gum disease is essential for maintaining a healthy smile and overall well-being. By adopting a proactive approach to your oral health, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing gum disease. Here are some tips to help you prevent gum disease:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Make sure to brush for a full two minutes, paying close attention to the gumline.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and along the gumline.
  • Use an antimicrobial mouthwash to help control plaque and bacteria in your mouth.
  • Maintain a balanced diet, limiting sugary and acidic foods that can contribute to plaque buildup.
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco use, as these habits can increase your risk of gum disease and other oral health problems.

Regular dental cleanings are crucial in preventing gum disease, as they allow our team to remove plaque and tartar buildup that can’t be eliminated through at-home oral care. We recommend scheduling dental cleanings and check-ups at least twice a year to ensure the best possible care for your oral health.


Taking care of your teeth and gums is an investment in your overall health and well-being. We invite you to schedule an appointment with our experienced team at The Perio Group to discuss your oral health and develop a personalized preventive care plan. Together, we can help you maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.